Алексей Парин

Aleksei Parin

Opera critic, librettist, translator

Theater historian, music critic, librettist, poet, and translator. Author of several fundamental books about opera and opera singers. For over 30 years, he hosted the musical program "Opera Club" on the "Echo of Moscow" radio station and was the host of "Critics' Hour" on Radio Orpheus. He chaired the jury of the National Theater Award "Golden Mask" for musical theater (2000) and served as the chief editor of "Bolshoi" magazine (2001-2004). He organized and was a jury member of numerous music festivals.

Born in 1944 in a family of a physiologist and academician V. V. Parin. He graduated from the Biological Faculty of Moscow State University and earned a Ph.D. in biology (1971). From the early 1970s, he started translating literary works. He was the editor of more than ten volumes in the "Library of World Literature" series and compiled several anthologies of foreign poetry. He published translations of Ovid's elegies from Latin, comedies by Menander, and Sophocles' "Antigone" from Ancient Greek. His translations also include the troubadours' "Belle Dame" and "French Medieval Lyrics." Parin's translations encompass a wide range of world poetry from François Villon to Ezra Pound and Paul Celan. His translation of Chidiock Tichborne's poem "Elegy" is considered one of the most successful.

He has written over 800 articles on opera, music, and opera singers in Russian and international publications, including Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Stuttgarter Zeitung, Sunday Times, Washington Post, Opera, Opernwelt, and Opera International. Since 2000, he has been the chief editor of the "Agraf" publishing house, where his books "Journey to the Invisible City: Paradigms of Russian Opera" (1999), "On Singing, Opera, and Glory: Interviews, Portraits, Reviews" (2003), "The Phantom of Russian Opera" (2006), "European Opera Diary" (2007), "Elena Obraztsova: Voice and Destiny" (2009), "Jansug Kakhidze, the Man and the Musician" (2013), and others were published.

As a theater historian, he participated in numerous international conferences, lectured at the Russian State University for the Humanities and the Russian Institute of Theatre Arts (GITIS), and gave lectures and presentations at universities in Zurich, Vienna, Innsbruck, Leipzig, Salzburg, Strasbourg, and Bregenz. He also led the International Seminar on Musical Theater in various cities in Russia.

He wrote the librettos for more than 10 operas staged in Russia and Germany, collaborating with composers such as Vasily Lobanov, Vladimir Kobekin, Alexander Schetinsky, Philippe Fenelon, Alexander Raskatov, and others.

As a dramaturg, he was involved in several productions directed by Dmitry Chernyakov, including "Tristan und Isolde" (Mariinsky Theatre, 2005), "Boris Godunov" (Berlin State Opera, 2005), "Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk" (German Opera on the Rhine, 2008), "Don Giovanni" (Aix-en-Provence, 2010), and more.